At its foundation, the Museum owned a dozen archaeological objects, accidentally found in the course of earth works. The Department of Archaeology started its full development in 1953, when archaeological excavations started on the late antiquity site Felix Romuliana.
Presently, the Department of Archaeology has the following collections:
The Felix Romuliana Collection has about 3,000 objects (re-inventorying is currently ongoing); the majority of the findings are dated to 4th-6th century A.D.
The following objects deserve to be singled out: a fragment of an archivolt with the inscription FELIX ROMVLIANA (c. 306 A.D.), pilaster with representation of Tetrarchs in medallions (c. 306 A.D.), head of Emperor Galerius and a hand holding the globe, fragments of a sculpture or of a sculptural composition made of red porphyry (after 303 A.D.), head of Hercules, a fragment of a sculpture made of white marble (c. 310 A.D.), head of Jupiter, a fragment of a sculpture made of white marble (c. 310 A.D.), Asclepius, a fragment of a sculpture made of white marble (c. 310 A.D.), mosaics: Dionysus on a feast, Venatores, Labyrinth (c. 310 A.D.), silver utensils found in Romula’s consecrative monument on Magura (c. 306 A.D.), collection of 99 solid gold coins from Magura (from the period 375-408 A.D.: Valentianus II, Theodosius, Arcadius), combs made of deer antlers (second half of 4th-5th century), collection of religious objects (6th century), jewellery from medieval necropolis located in front of the main – Eastern gate of the palace (11th century).
Archaeological objects from other sites are grouped into the following collections:
- the prehistoric collection, consisting of 330 objects; c. 3,000 B.C. – beginning of 1st century A.D.
- the antiquity collection, consisting of 39 objects; end of 2nd/beginning of 3rd – end of 4th century A.D.
- the medieval collection, consisting of 83 objects; 10th/11th – end of 16th century A.D.
The numismatic collection is consisted of 684 coins (collection of Greek colonies’ coins, Roman Republic coins, Roman coins from the period of Early and Late Empire and Byzantine coins), of which 163 are from the Gamzigrad collection (listed in the Book of Inventory of Gamzigrad, excluding the 99 solid gold coins collection from Magura) and 521 from other sites.
Maja Živić, MSc
Curator – Archaeologist
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