The iconography and the mosaics

The iconography of the decoration of  Gamzigrad palace is the most impressive  visual expression of ideological and political concept of Tetrarchy. Floors of the palace were covered with impressive mosaics of high quality, the walls are decorated with frescoes and elaborate paneling of precious stones, niches with statues made ​​of rare and hard arable stone, red porphyry, which is all the pledges of eternity. With Hercules, the mythical hero with whom Galerius identifies, he indicated special attention to Dionysus, taking advantage of the myth of him as the vehicle for a myth about himself and his divine mother. The entire decoration of Romuliana, as well as the decoration of the palace the emperor’s throne in Thessaloniki,is in the sign of this eternally young god, who repeatedly resurrected. Impressive double apotheosis material evidence, Galerius and Romulas, were discovered on the Magura hill, located about 1 km from the main gate of Romuliana. Like Dionysus and his mother Semela, who joined the gods on  Olympus Mount after Dionysus triumphant expedition to India, Gallerius – New Dionysus – and his mother of Romula, were ascended to heaven from the top of Magura.

Mosaic floor carpets which were covered flooring of Galerius endowment in the first place panels which depicting Dionysus , Venators and Labyrinth, in a certain way supporting the same idea. Like the architectural elements and sculptures, but much more lifelike, they weave the story of the divine Galerius, presenting the most powerful part of oversized and detailed supersaturated scenery, representing ​​the idea of ​​cosmic origin of an ideology. Dionysus – Galerius, the holder of the main roles, subordinated to the overall Interiors scene, in which the god of Dionysus mosaic shows the entire essence of architectural and decorative concept of Romuliana: deified man entering the sphere of immortals.

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